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Prostate can­cer symp­toms — are you at risk? Six signs revealed

PROSTATE can­cer symp­toms aren’t usu­al­ly appar­ent until the tumour has grown large enough to put pres­sure on the ure­thra. This then nor­mal­ly results in prob­lems with uri­na­tion. The NHS out­lines six signs that could indi­cate you have the dis­ease.

Prostate can­cer is the most com­mon can­cer in men in the UK and because it devel­ops slow­ly there may be no signs you have it in the ear­ly stages.

Symp­toms often become appar­ent when your prostate is large enough to affect the tube that car­ries urine form the blad­der to the penis — the ure­thra.
There are six tell-tale signs which could mean you’re at risk of the dis­ease, accord­ing to the NHS, all linked to your toi­let habits.

Need­ing to uri­nate more fre­quent­ly, often dur­ing the night, is one, along­side need­ing to rush to the toi­let, and dif­fi­cul­ty in start­ing to pee (known as hes­i­tan­cy).

Strain­ing or tak­ing a long time while uri­nat­ing, a weak flow, and feel­ing that your blad­der has not emp­tied ful­ly are also indi­ca­tors.

Many men could con­fuse an enlarged prostate with one of the symp­toms of prostate can­cer.

But how can you tell the dif­fer­ence and are you more like­ly to get prostate can­cer with an enlarged prostate?
First­ly, the prostate is a small gland, locat­ed in the pelvis, between the penis and blad­der.

It’s sup­posed to be about the shape and size of a wal­nut, and as well as let­ting urine flow out of the body, it secretes flu­id that nour­ish­es and pro­tects sperm.

So what are the symp­toms of an enlarged prostate?

Prostate can­cer symp­toms — are you at risk?

Prostate can­cer symp­toms often become appar­ent when the tumour has grown.

The med­ical term for an enlarged prostate is benign pro­sta­t­ic enlarge­ment. If the prostate becomes enlarged, it can place pres­sure on the blad­der and ure­thra, affect­ing how you pee.

Accord­ing to the NHS, this can cause dif­fi­cul­ty start­ing to pee, a fre­quent need to pee, and dif­fi­cul­ty ful­ly emp­ty­ing your blad­der.

Are you more like­ly to get prostate can­cer with an enlarged prostate?

Hav­ing an enlarged prostate doesn’t increase your risk of get­ting prostate can­cer, accord­ing to Prostate Can­cer UK.

The char­i­ty states: “The two prob­lems usu­al­ly begin in dif­fer­ent parts of the prostate. But men can have an enlarged prostate and prostate can­cer at the same time.”

Prostate can­cer symp­toms are usu­al­ly linked to uri­na­tion.

But if you are wor­ried about prostate can­cer you should talk to your GP.
How is prostate can­cer treat­ed?
Treat­ment for an enlarged prostate will depend not he sever­i­ty of your symp­toms — if your symp­toms are mild you may be advised to make lifestyle changes such as drink­ing less alco­hol and exer­cis­ing reg­u­lar­ly.

For many men with prostate can­cer, no treat­ment will be nec­es­sary, just active sur­veil­lance will be required.
If prostate can­cer does progress, and depend­ing on the indi­vid­ual cir­cum­stance, a can­cer care team will be best to advise what treat­ment is avail­able.

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