Igbo culture and languages, as well as other cultures from Africa, were key in forming the Jamaican Patois language and culture during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
The Igbo people of Jamaica, Akan people of Ghana, and other African cultures influenced Jamaican cultures due to the influx of slaves from those regions during slave trade. Here are some Patois words that have Nigerian origins.
Jamaican Patois is a colourful mix of several languages passed down from both our ancestors and remnants of our colonial past and many of the words derive directly from Igbo, Efik, Yoruba and a mix of English.
Here are a few.
This derived from the Yoruba àkàrà, and points to a type of street food — bean cakes.
This derived from the Igbo átú, meaning “chewing stick”
“Big Eye” is derived directly from the Igbo “anya ukwu”, meaning “greedy”
This is from mbùríchì, meaning an Nri-Igbo nobleman
This is an Efik term from mbakára, meaning “white man”
6. Chink, Chinch
This is from the Igbo chị́nchị̀, meaning “bedbug”
7. Country ibo
from Ị̀gbò, Pluchea odorata or Ptisana purpurascens
8. De, Deh
This is derived from the Igbo dị, [with adverbial] meaning “is” (to be)
This is a claque from ọ́nụ́ ụ́zọ̀ (mouth + door), meaning “doorway”
This is from Igbo ísí íké, (head + hard, strength), meaning “obstinate”
This is from Igbo mba, “yam root”, a type of yam, Rajania cordata
is derived from Yoruba (and Akan, Ewe) and means ‘unreliable, inferior, worthless’
means “dumb”, but is derived from Yoruba (and Ewe) where it means ‘slow in the head’
from Igbo ọbiạ, meaning “doctoring”, “mysticism”
This is from the Igbo ọkwurụ, a vegetable
This is from the Yoruba “opoto-opoto”, mkpọtọ-mkpọtọ, meaning “mud”, “muddy”
17. Red Ibo, Eboe
from Ị̀gbò, a person with a light skin colour or a mulatto of mixed parentage
This is from the Igbo sị, which usually follows with a quote. Also from Akan se and English say
This is from the Igbo sọsọ meaning “only”
from Igbo language únù, meaning “you (plural)”
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