Liposarcoma develops from the fat cells found all over the body. It can occur anywhere throughout the body but most commonly on the trunk, limbs and in the retroperitoneum.
There are three main types of liposarcoma: well-differentiated, pleomorphic, and myxoid liposarcoma.
Liposarcoma occurs mainly in adults and is very rare in people under the age of 30.
The earlier sarcoma is diagnosed the better the chances of successful treatment. Sarcomas are usually found by a patient when a lump appears on the leg, arm or trunk. They can also be found during an investigation of other symptoms or during a routine operation.
In a lot of cases, surgery is the first treatment method used for sarcoma – sometimes with additional radiotherapy or chemotherapy. The surgeon will remove the tumour and will aim to take out an area of normal tissue around it too; this is known as taking a margin. It allows any cancer cells that are not visible to the naked eye to be removed along with the tumour which can reduce the risk of the cancer coming back.
Sarcoma cancer can reappear in the same area after the treatment of a previous tumour, in what is called a ‘local recurrence.’
If the cancer does reappear, it is vital to get treated as soon as possible. This could involve further surgery and/or radiotherapy.
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