Lassa Fever: Nigeria Records 195 Confirmed Cases and 29 Deaths in 11 States

Lassa Fever

As at January 24, Nigeria has reported 195 confirmed cases and 29 deaths from Lassa fever outbreak in 11 states within weeks.

“Of the confirmed cases, 89 per cent are from Ondo, Edo and Ebonyi states. The increase in the number of cases at this time of the year is not unusual due to ecological factors,” said Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC).

NCDC, in response to the increasing number of cases Nigeria, has activated a National Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) on Saturday to coordinate response activities.

The centre comprises representatives from the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the Federal Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Federal Ministry of Environment, the World Health Organisation (WHO), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United States Centres for Disease Control, and other partners.

NCDC, in a statement on Saturday in Abuja by its Director General, Chikwe Ihekweazu, assured of the centre’s continued support to the states in strengthening their preparedness and response capacity. He added that over the last three weeks, NCDC has deployed Rapid Response Teams to support five of the affected states.

The director general noted that the Minister of Health, Osagie Ehanire, led a high-level delegation to Kano State on January 25, following the deaths of two health workers infected with Lassa fever.

“In addition, NCDC has rapidly increased risk communications and community engagement activities to ensure that Nigerians are aware of the risks of Lassa fever and measures to protect themselves.

“There has been a decline in the case fatality rate of reported Lassa fever cases from 23.4% in 2019 to 14.8% this year. NCDC continues to support treatment centres across states in the country to effectively manage Lassa fever cases.

Lassa Fever

“Besides, five laboratories in Nigeria have the capacity to diagnose Lassa fever in Nigeria. These laboratories are critical to reducing turnaround time between identifying a suspected case and confirmation. This ensures prompt case management and other response activities, thereby reducing the number of deaths.

“Nigeria is contributing to research and other activities for the development of a Lassa fever vaccine. NCDC and the three main treatment centres in the country – Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital, Federal Medical Centre Owo and Alex Ekwueme Federal Teaching Hospital Abakalilki- are set to commence Lassa fever epidemiological studies that will provide data to guide research and response activities.

“The Nigeria Centre for Disease Control remains committed to protecting the health of Nigerians. It is important for members of the public to practice good hygiene and take measures to protect themselves and their families,” Ihekweazu said.

Lassa fever is endemic in Nigeria and cases are recorded all year round. The Lassa fever virus is transmitted by rodents which can be found in our environment. This contributes largely to the risk of spread that occurs in Nigeria and other countries with similar ecological factors.

Lassa fever is largely transmitted through contact with items or surfaces contaminated with urine, faeces, saliva or blood of infected rats. It can also be transmitted from person-to-person through contact with blood, urine, faeces and other body fluids of an infected person. To minimise the risk of infection, members of the public are advised to ensure their environment is always kept clean to avoid contact with rodents.

Health care workers should maintain a high index of suspicion as Lassa fever can present with fever just like malaria and other illnesses. It is very important that health care workers maintain standard care precautions when managing patients.

Lassa Fever

Early symptoms are fever, headache, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, sore throat etc. It is in very severe cases that the patient bleeds from body openings. If a patient does not respond to treatment for malaria or other febrile illnesses after 48 hours, it is important to test immediately for Lassa fever.

Be well informed about Lassa fever, for more information, please call NCDC toll-free number: 0800-970000-10; SMS: 08099555577; WhatsApp: 07087110839; or send email: info@ncdc.gov.ng

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