How to Start Poultry Farming Without Losing any Chicken, the Beginner’s Guide. By Abel Wealth
What is Poultry Farming?
The term poultry farming is quite popular as many people engage in this lucrative business to make a living.
Poultry farming is a process of rearing birds (Chicken) and their proceeds (eggs) for profit making and consumption. The poultry farmer undertakes to raise the birds from the chick level to maturity for the main purpose of selling and making profit.
The chicks are the little birds from 1-5 days old.
There are various levels of poultry farming:
- Production of Eggs
- Hatching and selling of a day old chicks
- Rearing of the chicks to maturity for meat consumption and profit
For the purpose of this article, I will be dealing on the third level of poultry farming which is rearing of chicks for meat consumption and profit.
My reason for dealing on this poultry farming level is that it is easier and less technical. There are so much technicalities and financial involvements when dealing in Egg production and hatching of day old chicks.
It also requires a large portion of land and personnel to handle.
Am looking at a poultry business you can start at your backyard with little or no capital.
Yes I said little of no capital.
I know you’ll probably be asking, how do you start a poultry business without a capital? well, I will tell you how in my next post on.
Step by Step Procedures/Key Points to Consider on How to Start Poultry Farming
- Put up a Poultry Farm Structure (Cage)
The first thing to consider is the cage for the birds. It is very important to construct it in such a way that there’s cross ventilation. Just like in the story above, the cage was prepared with net all round and the ground was German floor.
Also it’s not all the time that the birds will require ventilation, like when you just bring the “day old chicks” into the cage, you have to cover them up. At that stage, they can’t be exposed to air.
So while building your cage, consider making provision for strong waterproof nylon for covering the cage when the need arise.
- Buying of Chicks (A Day Old)
You must research for the trusted poultry farmers and buy from them. Try to avoid the risk of buying unhealthy chicks or chicks that were not properly bred in terms of good nutrition’. With as little as ₦50,000.00, you can start with about 100 day old chicks and in less than two months, you are selling fully grown chickens.
Assuming you sell the chicken for 2,500 each, that’s N250,000.00, cool cash. You see, it’s a real profitable business.
- Feeding the Chickens
At the onset, you can begin with already prepared feeds until you are conversant with the feeds production. So buy already prepared feeds from trusted feeds sellers and wait until such a time you can prepare the feeds yourself.
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