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9 ear­ly symp­toms of HIV in women

Accord­ing to sta­tis­tics, about 36 mil­lion peo­ple world­wide live with HIV/AIDS. More than 1.1 mil­lion of them live in the US. One in each sev­en HIV suf­fer­ers doesn’t even know about it.

Immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus was first­ly found in the chim­panzees. With time it has mutat­ed to the human immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy virus. In the late 1970s it began to affect African peo­ple, and nowa­days it’s wide­spread all over the world.

If left untreat­ed, HIV brings to the acquired immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy syn­drome, which is known as the last stage of the HIV infec­tion.
Cred­it: Freepik
Per­son may get this virus with con­t­a­m­i­nat­ed blood, semen, breast milk, vagi­nal or rec­tal flu­ids.
When virus enters human body, it begins to incor­po­rate into the DNA and destroy CD4 immune cells. As a result, the organ­ism los­es abil­i­ty to fight off dis­eases and infec­tions.
For­tu­nate­ly, sci­en­tists have made a great progress in study­ing HIV and the ways to cope with it.

Despite numer­ous inves­ti­ga­tions, we can’t elim­i­nate virus from the body. But we’re able to delay its pro­gres­sion and keep the dis­ease in the latent stage.

Cred­it: Freepik
Those, who take anti­retro­vi­ral ther­a­py prop­er­ly, may live as long as unin­fect­ed peo­ple.
The prob­lem is that HIV doesn’t cause any symp­toms at the ear­ly stages.
Some­times peo­ple expe­ri­ence flu-like symp­toms with­in two to four weeks after the moment, when virus pen­e­trat­ed into the body (it is med­ical­ly called acute retro­vi­ral syn­drome). When the first stage is over, dis­ease runs into the dor­mant stage (clin­i­cal laten­cy).
Dur­ing this peri­od virus still con­tin­ues to prop­a­gate. With­out treat­ment HIV pro­gress­es, pass­ing into the AIDS in the course of sev­er­al years.
So how can you detect this ill­ness in your­self? Here are the warn­ing signs of immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy:
#1 Low-degree fever – increased body tem­per­a­ture is a nor­mal response of your immune sys­tem to infec­tion. Mild fever, which lasts for a long time, usu­al­ly means that your immune sys­tem is affect­ed.
Cred­it: Freepik

#2 Night sweats – women often expe­ri­ence this symp­tom dur­ing menopause. How­ev­er some­times night sweats may be a sign of immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy.
#3 Swollen glands – lymph nodes rep­re­sent an impor­tant part of your immune sys­tem. When HIV attacks your body, immune sys­tem acti­vates all pro­tec­tive mech­a­nisms. That usu­al­ly results in enlarge­ment of the lymph nodes, locat­ed in the neck, groin and armpits.
Cred­it: Freepik

#4 Fatigue – it’s not about your after-sport tired­ness. Con­stant inex­plic­a­ble fatigue and lack of ener­gy may be a sign of numer­ous dis­or­ders, includ­ing HIV infec­tion.
#5 New rash­es –peo­ple with immun­od­e­fi­cien­cy are dra­mat­i­cal­ly sen­si­tive to the action of the the sun­rays and var­i­ous irri­tants. That’s why they fre­quent­ly notice appear­ance of new lesions, bumps and patch­es in the skin.
#6 Achy mus­cles and joints – maybe you’re famil­iar with these flu symp­toms. As you remem­ber, acute retro­vi­ral syn­drome is com­mon­ly felt like a com­mon cold or flu, with their mus­cle sore­ness and painful sen­sa­tions in the joints.
Cred­it: Freepik
#7 Changes in men­stru­a­tion – men­stru­al cycle is one of the most change­able things in woman’s body. HIV can make your peri­ods irreg­u­lar, too heavy or absent. It can also make your PMS more severe than ever in your life.
#8 Sores – pay atten­tion on the new sores in the mouth and gen­i­tal area, espe­cial­ly if they don’t heal, as it may be a sign of HIV infec­tion.
Cred­it: Freepik
#9 Yeast infec­tion – HIV-pos­i­tive women are more like­ly to have vagi­nal can­didi­a­sis and mouth thrush. It may be also dif­fi­cult to get rid of the fun­gus, if hav­ing prob­lems with immune sys­tem.
All of these symp­toms may devel­op as a result of oth­er con­di­tions. How­ev­er it’s worth get­ting test­ed, in order to know your HIV-sta­tus, espe­cial­ly if you had risky events ear­li­er.
The Bet­terMe Team wants you and those close to you to live a healthy, hap­py life! Your health is a valu­able thing; look after your body and your mind so that you can live your life to the fullest – Remem­ber you only get one!
Please share this with your friends and fam­i­ly and let us know what you think in the com­ments below.

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